Sports - Diving.

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  • Jumping into the water.

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    Sports - Diving

    Diving - a sport that includes the implementation of jumping (height 3 m) and platforms (5, 7.5 m Elijah - the choice of athletes) with a variety of spins and entering the water head first or feet. Diving differ in initial position - from the front and rear racks with handstands; in the direction of rotation - forward, backward and screws; the complexity of implementation - the coefficient of difficulty (the number and complexity of the rotation).

    Quality jumps (height vypeta, entry into the water with the least amount of th spray, etc..) Evaluated by the judges on the 10-point system. Olympic competition on the trampoline include mandatory implementation of the five-jumping half-turns, five arbitrary - and six women - men. Competitions are held in two stages - preliminary and final. The final result in half the amount of points earned in the preliminary competition, and the total amount of points - in the final.

    In the program of the Olympic Games since 1904 (women - since 1912). Organizational leadership on the existence stvlyaet International lover ekaya Swimming Federation (FINA), which included - Committee for diving. In the Olympic program - three disciplines for men and three - for women. In each discipline of the country - one party without making FINA standards and two-three members, subject to the relevant regulations of all the declared athletes (of the team - not more than 12 persons).

    Jumping into the water became an Olympic sport back in 1904, they were called "fancy diving". Flying in the water at a speed of 35-50 km / h combines artistry and athleticism. Springboard (its height is just over three meters) allows the athlete before performing somersaults and twists good swing and push hard. As experts estimate, there are 65 ways of diving from a springboard and 85 from the tower.

    In addition, athletes and create my own, combining elements of different shapes and jumps. Until the end of the 1990s. in the sport ahead of the athletes were the United States, but in recent years the best form of the Chinese show. At the 1996 games have been played 4 sets of medals: Men - 3-meter springboard, 10-meter vplka Women - 3-meter springboard, 10-meter-high tower.

    The winner is determined as follows: seven judges awarded every jump from 0 to 10 points, increasing th evaluation at 1 or 0.5. The highest and lowest estimates are discarded and the remaining five are added and multiplied by the degree of difficulty of 1.2 to 2.6. The thus obtained result is multiplied by 0.6.

     








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